That iridescent glow, the vibrant colors, the lovely shine — carnival glass has been a show stopper for generations. Learn more about this iconic house ware staple as we uncover its identifying features and history. Taking its roots in America, carnival glass is simply press-molded glass with an iridescent finish. First manufactured in early , the intricate pattern work and stunning colors captured the Art Nouveau aesthetic perfectly. Most patterns were inspired by nature or geometry, detailed to hide the seams from the mold. The iridescent finish was applied via a brush or spray technique after the initial firing of the glass. As a result, the special qualities that make carnival glass stand out are not properties of the glass, but rather a finish covering the surface.
With its stunningly beautiful colors, iridescent glaze, and endless variety, carnival glass is a popular collector’s item that used to be given away for free. Collectors Weekly reports this affordable glass was given away as prizes by carnival vendors, hence the name. Today, however, collectors will pay top dollar for prime examples while still assigning value to more common pieces, too:. Because there are so many patterns, colors, and types of carnival glass on the market, there are a number of factors that can affect the value of an individual piece.
In general, the rarer the item and the better its condition, the more it will be worth.
Old Imperial factory catalogs list Waffle Block as # Carnival glass versions have been found in close to 20 different shapes to date. Since the molds were.
Carnival Glass is pressed glass which has an iridized surface treatment. It is made by exposing the newly formed hot pressed glass to sprays, fumes and vapours from heated metallic oxides. These form a lustrous coating at the surface of the glass. It looks as if it has rainbows on it, like the coloured patterns sometimes seen when petrol floats on water; like the rainbow colours on the surface of a soap bubble. What you are actually seeing are light intereference patterns produced by constantly shifting wavelengths.
No photograph can reproduce this effect; carnival glass has a magic of its own. But no doubt you can recognise it from these photographs. John W. Fenton President and his brother Frank L. Fenton General Manager and Secretary had with their team developed a relatively stable and safe method of mass producing iridized glass. They named their first lines “Iridill” and “Rubi-glass” and described it as “a metallic lustre much like the Tiffany favrile glass”. Glass workers at the time called it “dope glass” because the hot glass was treated or doped with metallic sprays and vapours.
It was instantly popular with the public, and they sold as much as they could make. In the same year the Northwood Glass Company, founded by Harry Northwood in Wheeling, West Virginia in , produced a similar line of iridized glass.
Imperial ‘Windmill’ Design Carnival Glass Bowl in Marigold
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Because there are so many patterns, colors, and types of carnival glass on the The glass is still made today, but pieces dating from before are the most.
And speaking of education, maybe it’s time Glass’ assistants get some? Press play and let’s get this season off the ground! So what’s the difference? Season 5, Episode 3 Moulded or Blown? If carnival glass is moulded, how can it be blown? Doctor Glass knows the answer.
Imperial Carnival Glass Cake Plate
The Grape Delight pattern was made originally by Dugan Glass. In , a nut bowl and a covered butter were reproduced by Mosser glass in Grape Delight. New colors were amber and ice blue.
Extensive RARE and top quality Carnival Glass Collection from the Estate of Bruce Costenbader. Northwood, Millersburg, Fenton, Imperial, and Dugan. Custard.
Please bear in mind that this article was written many years ago — December If prices are given, the prices will reflect when this was written. The ambition of most carnival collectors is to own a piece or two of red. The first problem is to find a piece and the next is to pay for it. I get calls from collectors who have never even seen a piece of red. We had collected for at least six or eight months before we had a chance to buy a piece at an antique show.
We thought it over for a long time before taking the plunge. Red is a tough color to make. Just as Northwood is associated with the pastels and Dugan with peach opal, Fenton was truly the king of red carnival. Imperial contributed a few pieces but Fenton, with few exceptions, made the rest of the red carnival. Glass made any at all. The only possible exception are the carnival lamps that were made in four different patterns.
The makers of these lamps are unknown. They really belong in a separate category anyway as the color, on at least some of these, comes from the red spray on the interior of the globes.
Red Carnival Glass
More Great Carnival Glass Articles. Mid-Winter Butler Bros. The only other confirmed color is clambroth.
Depression glass patterns – Carnival Glass Identification Imperial produced Vintage Imperial Amberina Carnival Glass Bowl by Mdm. My Glass, Glass Art.
Carnival glass was originally produced as a cheaper alternative to the expensive blown iridescent glass by Tiffany and other types of upscale glassware. Carnival glass gets its iridescent sheen from metallic salts having been sprayed on the surface of the glass while it was still very hot. A final firing of the glass brings out the iridescent, shimmery look caused by the presence of the salts, giving carnival glass the distinct appearance it is known for.
Its current name was adopted by collectors probably in the s? At the height of its popularity in the s, tremendous quantities of glassware was produced and prices were low enough for the average, middle class household to afford. The majority of this type of glass was produced in the United States, although it also became fairly popular in Europe, with a number of glass companies making iridescent glass there as well.
Nearly all the major European glass-making centers produced some.
Dating imperial carnival glass
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Imperial Carnival Glass – DIAMOND & SUNBURST Marigold 3½” Wine Stem | Internet Absentee Bidding Price Realized 8, USD Date Sold 3/20/
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Antique Imperial Marigold Robin Carnival Glass Mug
Below is a listing of Imperial Carnival Glass colors and dates. If you follow the links it will take you to a listing of all the carnival glass that was made in that color, you will also find that some pieces linked in the description field that will take you to an article or a picture for a better explanation. All the information below came from original Imperial catalogs and price lists and past confirmed information.
However Summit Art Glass does not mark many of the Imperial reproductions that they produce today.
Dugan & Diamond Carnival Glass Identification & Value Guide [Burns, Carl O.] on *FREE* shipping on Imperial Carnival Glass. Carl O. Burns great information on patterns and dating them and values. Read more.
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Dates and Trademarks. National Imperial Glass Collectors’ Society. Study Groups. Contact Us. Dates of Importance for Imperial and Its Trademarks. When one desires to suggest a time frame for usage, it’s this initial date one should go by, NOT the date when the application was filed or the date registration approval was granted.
Carnival Victorian Date-Lined Glass (cc) Imperial Orange Iridescent Carnival Glass ” Ring Bowl & 7″ Candy Dish Lot Set.
It earned it as you might think. These glass items were given away at carnivals back in the early s. Instead of a big teddy bear after winning a carnival game, how about a pretty glass vase for mother? Carnival glass wasn’t welcomed by all. This iridescent glass is something that people either loved or hated. The resulting swirly sheen that sometimes looks like an oil slick was much less expensive to produce when compared to other iridescent art glass popular at the time such as Tiffany and Steuben.
It is sometimes referenced as the “poor man’s Tiffany.